*** NOTICE ***


The ERIC Clearinghouse on Information & Technology
web site is no longer in operation.


The United States Department of Education continues to offer the


ERIC Database




All ERIC Clearinghouses plus AskERIC will be closed permanently as of December 31, 2003.


In January 2004, the Department of Education will implement a reengineering plan for ERIC. The new ERIC mission continues the core function of providing a centralized bibliographic database of journal articles and other published and unpublished education materials. It enhances the database by adding free full text and electronic links to commercial sources and by making it easy to use and up to date.


From January 2004 until the new ERIC model for acquiring education literature is developed later in 2004, no new materials will be received and accepted for the database. However, the ERIC database will continue to grow, as thousands of documents selected by the ERIC clearinghouses throughout 2003 will be added. When the new model is ready later in 2004, the new ERIC contractor will communicate with publishers, education organizations, and other database contributors to add publications and materials released from January 2004 forward.


Please use:

www.eric.ed.gov to


?         Search the ERIC database.

?         Search the ERIC Calendar of Education-Related Conferences.

?         Link to the ERIC Document Reproduction Service (EDRS) to purchase ERIC full-text documents.

?         Link to the ERIC Processing and Reference Facility to purchase ERIC tapes and tools.

?         Stay up-to-date about the ERIC transition to a new contractor and model.

Archived version of the site:

ERIC Logo Clearinghouse on Information & Technology Department of Education Seal

White Spacer
ERIC System Website
Library and Information Science
Library Information Associations
Library Information Journals
Library Information Resources
Library Information Discussion Groups
Library Information Conferences
Educational Technology
Educational Technology Associations
Educational Technology Journals
Educational Technology Resources
Educational Technology Discussion Groups
Educational Technology Conferences
ERIC Database
Search ERIC Database
In-Process Abstracts for ERIC Database
Full Text ERIC/IT
Submit Documents to ERIC/IT
ERIC/IT Digests
Other Publications
Ordering Information
Discussion Groups
Library Information Discussion Groups
Educational Technology Discussion Groups
Find All Discussion Groups
Library Science Research
Educational Technology Research
Lesson Plans
Library Science Lesson Plans
Educational Technology Lesson Plans
N.M.P.L. - List of U.S. lenders
N.M.P.L. - List of lenders in Los Angeles
N.M.P.L. - List of lenders in San Diego
N.M.P.L. - List of lenders in Columbus Ohio
White Spacer
White Spacer
White Spacer
White Spacer
White Spacer
Link Policy
White Spacer
White Spacer

Information Literacy: Essential Skills for the Information Age


by Kathy Spitzer with Michael B. Eisenberg and Carrie A. Lowe

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Defining Information Literacy
Visual Literacy
Media Literacy
Computer Literacy
Network Literacy

Chapter 2: The Evolution of a Concept
Development of National Importance
National Forum on Information Literacy (NFIL)
Development in K-12 Education
Information Power
Development of Information Literacy Standards for Student Learning

    Category I: Information Literacy Standards
    Category II: Independent Learning Standards
    Category III: Social Responsibility Standards

Canadian School Libraries
Development in Higher Education
Establishment of the Institute For Information Literacy
Support for Information Literacy From the Field of Education
Resolution on Information Literacy
Information Literacy Embraced Around the World

    South Africa


Chapter 3: Information Literacy Research
Examining the Themes

    Theme 1: The Nature and Scope of Information Literacy
    Theme 2: The Value of Information Literacy
    Theme 3: Teaching Library and Information Literacy Skills Effectively

Conclusion-Information Literacy as a New Way of Thinking

Chapter 4: An Economic Perspective
The SCANS Report

Chapter 5: K-12 Education: Information Literacy in the Context of National and State Standards
National Education Goals
National Education Goals Passed as Legislation
A Study to Examine the Information Literacy Aspects of the National Education Goals
National Subject Matter Association Curriculum Standards
States Recognize the Importance of Information Literacy
Combining Information Literacy and National Content Standards

    Minnesota's Inquiry Process
    Oregon Common Curriculum Goals


Chapter 6: K-12 Education: Restructuring and Information Literacy
Resource-based Learning
Authentic Learning
Problem-based Learning
Work-based Learning
Assessment of Information Literacy Skills

    Portfolio Assessment
    Research and Learning Logs


Chapter 7: K-12 Education: Information Literacy Efforts
Bellingham Schools (Bellingham, Washington)
California Technology Assistance Project - Region VII
Project SCORE History Social Science
Pleasant Ridge School (Glenview, Illinois)
Northeast Elementary School (Ithaca, New York)
Port Hope High School (Ontario, Canada)
Forest Creek Elementary School (Round Rock, Texas)
Mt. Laurel Hartford School (Mt. Laurel, New Jersey)
Kindred Public School (North Dakota)
Information Literacy at Home

Chapter 8: Information Literacy in Higher Education
Information Literacy Instruction

    Stand-alone Courses or Classes
    Online Tutorials
    Course-related Instruction
    Course-integrated Instruction

Information Competencies

    California State University System

Information Competence: A Set of Core Competencies
State University of New York System

    SUNY Council of Library Directors Information Literacy Initiative Committee:
    Information Literacy Competencies

University of Massachusetts System
University of Arizona

Chapter 9: Technology and Information Literacy Technology in K-12 Schools
Two Approaches to Technology Education

    Technology as the Object of Instruction
    Technology as an Integral Tool: The Process/Skills in Context Approach

Technology in Higher Education
Technology for Information
The Benefits of Information Technology

Chapter 10: Information Literacy: The Future and the Past
Where Will We See Information Literacy Efforts Expand in the Future?

    Public Libraries
    Adult Education
    Company Education Programs


Conclusion: A Look Back