*** NOTICE ***


The ERIC Clearinghouse on Information & Technology
web site is no longer in operation.


The United States Department of Education continues to offer the


ERIC Database




All ERIC Clearinghouses plus AskERIC will be closed permanently as of December 31, 2003.


In January 2004, the Department of Education will implement a reengineering plan for ERIC. The new ERIC mission continues the core function of providing a centralized bibliographic database of journal articles and other published and unpublished education materials. It enhances the database by adding free full text and electronic links to commercial sources and by making it easy to use and up to date.


From January 2004 until the new ERIC model for acquiring education literature is developed later in 2004, no new materials will be received and accepted for the database. However, the ERIC database will continue to grow, as thousands of documents selected by the ERIC clearinghouses throughout 2003 will be added. When the new model is ready later in 2004, the new ERIC contractor will communicate with publishers, education organizations, and other database contributors to add publications and materials released from January 2004 forward.


Please use:

www.eric.ed.gov to


?         Search the ERIC database.

?         Search the ERIC Calendar of Education-Related Conferences.

?         Link to the ERIC Document Reproduction Service (EDRS) to purchase ERIC full-text documents.

?         Link to the ERIC Processing and Reference Facility to purchase ERIC tapes and tools.

?         Stay up-to-date about the ERIC transition to a new contractor and model.

Archived version of the site:

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Obtaining ERIC Documents and Journal Articles

The ERIC Database contains a wealth of citations to educational journal articles and documents. While citations and abstracts of these resources are searchable online, the entire database is not available in full-text online. Information on obtaining the full-text of documents and journal articles is available below and by clicking on the OBTAIN button in the ERIC citation.

References found in the ERIC Database that have an ED number are ERIC documents--typically research reports, conference papers, issue papers, monographs, and ERIC Digests.

ERIC Digests are the only ERIC documents that are available full-text from our database. To obtain the full-text click on the OBTAIN button in the ERIC citation. TIP: You can limit your search to ERIC Digests by checking the "Full-text ERIC Digests" box on either search screen.

Approximately 92 percent of ERIC documents (designated level 1 and level 2 in the ERIC database) are available in full-text and can be obtained from ERIC's document supplier, the ERIC Document Reproduction Service (EDRS).  Most documents may be ordered online through EDRS's web site, and some (1993 level 1 documents and above) are available for online delivery in Adobe Portable Document Format (pdf). EDRS also supplies paper and microfiche versions at a modest per document charge.  To order ERIC documents from EDRS, or for more information, contact:

ERIC Document Reproduction Service (EDRS)
DynEDRS, Inc.
7420 Fullerton Road, Suite 110
Springfield, VA 22153-2852
Toll-free: (800) 443-ERIC (3742)
Telephone: (703) 440-1400
FAX: (703) 440-1408
email: service@edrs.com
URL: http://edrs.com

EDRS accepts credit cards (Visa or Mastercard), purchase orders, checks and money orders drawn on a U.S. bank. Fax and rush delivery service are available. Cost as of January 1, 2000: Paper--$4.46 for each 25-page increment; Microfiche--$1.51 for 1-480 pages (up to 5 fiche), and $.25 for each additional microfiche per title. Electronic copies--$3.50 base price plus $0.15 per page.

Another option for obtaining full text is to visit any of the over 1,000 libraries and education agencies worldwide that maintain an ERIC microfiche collection. There, Documents may be viewed and/or copied on microfiche readers.  To find out if there is a location near you, go to the Directory of ERIC Resource Collections (http://www.ed.gov/BASISDB/EROD/eric/SF). Many libraries now offer E*Subscribe, which grants their patrons free electronic access to some ERIC documents. Ask your local librarian if they offer this valuable service.

NOTE: A small number of ERIC references with an ED number, such as commercially produced books, are not available in full-text from ERIC. These resources, designated as level 3 documents in the ERIC Database, may be purchased from the publisher, a book retailer, or obtained through interlibrary loan.

ERIC references with an EJ number are journal articles.  Again, the least expensive way to obtain full text is to consult a library, either to track down the appropriate issue of the originating journal or to try to obtain the article through interlibrary loan.  Otherwise, the following article reproduction service will provide you with a copy for a fee.  Please be aware that no article reproduction service carries 100% of ERIC-indexed journal titles. Ingenta offers a number of journals.

* Ingenta
Phone: (617) 395-4046
Toll-free: 1-800-296-2221
Email: ushelp@ingenta.com
URL: http://www.ingenta.com/
Price varies by publisher.

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